Abortion and infanticide potentiality principle
While the authors do not argue necessarily for abortion to the point of birth (as other factors may be involved), they deny the view that late-term fetuses and newborns are so similar that the wrongness of infanticide implies the wrongness of late-term abortion. Rather than celebrating abortion and infanticide as liberation from the tyranny of biological forces, through its experience and worship of god, christianity recognizes in abortion and infanticide a further enslavement to the passions. Reddit gives you the best of the internet in one place get a constantly updating feed of breaking news, fun stories, pics, memes, and videos just for you passionate about something niche reddit has thousands of vibrant communities with people that share your interests alternatively, find out what’s trending across all of reddit on r/popular.
Anthropological theorizing about “potentiality” should include an understanding of the contemporary legacy of aristotle’s potentiality principle this paper approaches potentiality as an object of anthropological scrutiny to show how it is evoked, presented, debated, and circulated among. The potentiality principle described by the writer explains that the gradual and continuous development from zygote to human adult suggests that there is a property that is (i) possessed by human adults and (ii) gives any organism possessing this property a serious right to life. Singer, interestingly and i think courageously, consistently follows this principle beyond surgical abortion all the way to its logical conclusion: infanticide he baldly states that “the grounds for not killing persons do not apply to newborn infants” (singer, 1993, 171) because infants, frankly, are not persons.
Theoretical ethics aristotelian perspectives on social ethics joanna g patsioti the american college of greece (deree college) abstract: i examine the philosophical perspectives of aristotle on issues of medical ethics and on his social ethics in general, including the moral issues of abortion, euthanasia, and other issues of social ethics such as the issue of cloning. In defense of abortion and infanticide by: michael tooley the interest principle what is a right to life potentiality and modified potentiality principles because a fetus has the potential to possess such a concept it has a right to life. Jstor is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content in a trusted digital archive we use information technology. The ethics of abortion for purposes of our discussion we will be defining ‘abortion’ as follows: abortion = deliberate removal (or deliberate action to cause the expulsion) of a fetus from the womb of a human female, at the request of or through the agency of the mother, so as in fact to result in the death of the fetus. (4) marquis argues that first trimester abortion is, in most cases, gravely immoral reagan argues that criminalization of abortion has intolerably bad consequences, and therefore abortion should be legal.
One of the most famous, and most derided, arguments against the morality of abortion is the argument from potential, which maintains that the fetus' potential to become a person and enjoy the valuable life common to persons, entails that its destruction is prima facie morally impermissiblein this paper, i will revisit and offer a defense of the argument from potential. The court decided that the state has an important and legitimate interest in protecting the potentiality of human life from tooley, michael (1972) abortion and –65. Aristotle on abortion and infanticide 51 life of a rational animal, sleeping and growing in the womb”11 however, drum’s reading of “life” (zoên) here is mistaken the passage is not referring to “the life of a rational animal,” which the embryo will only acquire at a rather later point, but merely nutritive (biological) life. Underlying issues relating to potentiality arise in all these arguments, though they can be brought out most clearly in a discussion of abortion, where there is a deliberate intention to end the development of a living organism that is clearly human (in the sense of its species membership. The infanticide proposal is so much a part of contemporary bioethical discussion, steeped as it is in the vested interests of medical research, abortion provision, ‘liberal’ eugenics, population control and elimination of social costs, that it will come as no surprise to those reared on the desiccated diet of late 20th century utilitarian.
For then one can conclude that any organism which belongs to the species homo sapiens, from a zygote on, must also have a right to life by virtue of the potentiality principle. Presents two principles: species principle (infant is a member of the human species) and potentiality principle (infant will think, talk, love, and have a sense of justice) argument ad hominem (anti-abortion)-latin for homicide. On sex selective abortion 11/06/16 assumptions and argument in this paper, i want to consider the topic of sex-selective abortion (ssa), and how it relates to abortion on the basis of a genetic. The potentiality principle a if organism o has the potential to grow into an organism that clearly has a right to life through normal development, then o currently has a right to life (conservative argument. The abortion debate is the ongoing controversy surrounding the moral, legal, and religious status of induced abortion the sides involved in the debate are the self-described “ pro-choice ” and “ pro-life ” movements.
Abortion and infanticide potentiality principle
Abor abortion rights acquiring the capacities active potentiality antiabortion argument appeal argue baby basic moral principle biologically defined species birth brain death capacity for thought celia and philip celia wolf-devine claim communitarianism crucial death defense of abortion defined species homo dwd's embryo essay ethics example. 1 michael tooley, abortion and infanticide, in the rights and wrongs of abortion (princeton university press, princeton, 1974), p 75 275 mary anne warren people true, the actualization of that potentiality would be dependent upon technological intervention in a way in which that of a potentiality for that reason, any more than a. In his article entitled ‘in defense of abortion and infanticide,’ michael tooley introduces feinberg’s ‘interest principle’ in an effort to better explain his position he tells us that, according to the ‘interest principle’, only that which has or is capable of having interests can have rights. Michael tooley's article, abortion and infanticide raised some points about the morality of abortion he discussed the conservatives' ethical objection against abortion which states that fetuses and infants have a right to life.
Philosophical papers personal identity, potentiality and abortion 1995 r disilvestro journal of medicine and philosophy in the room: souls, death, and harm at the end of life 2012 jeffrey reiman journal of social philosophy abortion, infanticide, and the asymmetric value of the potentiality principle from aristotle to abortion. In this book, robert n wennberg looks at all the major arguments from the whole spectrum of positions on the abortion issue he does so both earnestly and fairly, taking care to point out that most of the arguments follow soundly from their premises, and that most of the parties to the debate are altruistically motivated cutting through the sensationally prejudicial language often used in. Overview: moving beyond traditional liberal versus conservative arguments for and against abortion, abortion: three perspectives is an up-to-date, accessible, and engaging exploration of this highly contentious issue.
To refute the potentiality principle, tooley proposed a futuristic hypothetical situation about newborn kittens that are able to be injected with a chemical which would give them adult human psychological capabilities including the property which gives adult humans the serious right to live. Abortion 85 of courting infanticide and the conservatives of trivializing the moral category of murder such implications would be more damaging to the extremes were it not with the potentiality principle, and accounts for the second belief though it cannot.